The RoC is an independent, democratic republic. The country’s official language is French whilst Lingala and Kikongo are the two indigenous languages commonly used. Brazzaville is the country’s political capital, a city of 1.2 million and located on the Congo river on the country’s south eastern border. The country has a multi-party system that exists alongside a directly elected executive president and a two-chamber parliament comprising a Senate and a National Assembly. The current constitution was adopted in 2002. The country has an equivalent security and political risk to that of Mozambique. In 2011, it was voted runner-up Country of the Year at the Mines & Money Conference in London. It was formerly part of the colony of French Equatorial Africa and achieved independence in 1960.
The country is governed by a single, dominant coalition that supports the president, Denis Sassou-Nguesso, most recently re elected for a seven-year term in March 2016.